Shiplap Siding on Carriage House
Eastern White Pine Info

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Eastern white pine

The Eastern white pine is a tree for landscapes with ample space. Its fine feathery needles, open canopy, and straight trunk get more picturesque with age. Trees are fast-growing and long-lived.

This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm’s Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research.

This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivarsEastern White Pine

Botanical name:

Pinus strobus

All Common Names:

Eastern white pine, white pine

Family (English):


Family (Botanic):


Tree or Plant Type: Eastern White Pine

  • Tree


  • Evergreen (foliage year-round)

Native Locale:

  • North Eastern Area
  • Illinois,
  • North America

Planting Site:

  • Residential and park

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Mature Height:

    50-80 feet

    Mature Width:

    20-40 feet

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Hardiness Zones:

    • Zone 3,
    • Zone 4,
    • Zone 5 (Chicago),
    • Zone 6,
    • Zone 7

    Soil Preference:

    • Acid soil,
    • Moist, well-drained soil

    Acid Soils:

    • Prefers

    Alkaline Soils:

    • Moderately Tolerant

    Salt Spray:

    • Intolerant

    Soil Salt:

    • Intolerant

    Drought Conditions:

    • Intolerant

    Poor Drainage:

    • Moderately Tolerant

    Planting Considerations:

    • Intolerant of pollution

    Ornamental Interest:

    • Edible fruit

    Season of Interest:

    • Early winter,
    • Mid winter,
    • Late winter,
    • Early spring,
    • Mid spring,
    • Late spring,
    • Early summer,
    • Mid summer,
    • Late summer,
    • Early fall,
    • Mid fall,
    • Late fall

    Flower Color & Fragrance:

    • Inconspicuous

    Shape or Form:

    • Broad,
    • Irregular,
    • Pyramidal

    Growth Rate:

    • Moderate,
    • Fast

    Transplants Well:

    • Yes


    • Browsers,
    • Game birds,
    • Moths,
    • Small mammals,
    • Songbirds

    More Information:

    Tree & Plant Care

    Prefers moist, well-drained, slightly acidic soil in sun, although young trees tolerate light shade.
    ​Avoid planting in open, windy sites.
    Very cold tolerant.

    Disease, pests, and problems

    Susceptible to chlorosis symptoms in high pH soils.
    Sensitive to salt and air pollution.
    Intolerant of wet or heavy clay soils.

    Native geographic location and habitat

    C-Value: 9
    Native to Eastern U.S., Newfoundland to Georgia

    Bark color and texture

    Mature bark is dark grayish-brown with broad ridges and deep furrows.

    Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, texture, and color

    Evergreen eedles arranged in clusters of 5; densely crowded near the ends of horizontal branches.
    Thin, soft,  3 to 6 inches long, medium green. Needles remain on the tree for two to three years before dropping in the fall.

    Flower arrangement, shape, and size

    Male pollen cones are in whorled clusters at the tips of branches. Female flowers are yellow and in pairs near male flower cones.

    Eastern white pine (Pinus strobus)

    Eastern white pine (Pinus strobus)

    Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

    Long and slender, up tp 8 inches, cylindrical brown cones with obvious white resin tips.
    Cones remain on the tree for 2 years.

    Cultivars and their differences

    “These plants are cultivars of a species that is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm’s Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Cultivars are plants produced in cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits.”

    Blue Shag Eastern white pine (Pinus strobus ‘Blue Shag’): A dwarf variety growing only 2 to 3 feet high.

    Dwarf Eastern white pine (Pinus strobus ‘Nana’ ):  A compact or dwarf cultivar, 3-5 feet wide and tall.

    Fastigiate Eastern white pine (Pinus strobus ‘Fastigiata’ ):  This narrow, upright cultivar grows 30-50 feet tall and 10-20 feet wide.

    Weeping Eastern white pine (Pinus strobus ‘Pendula’ ):   Typically 15 to 20 feet high and 12 to 15 foot wide. Blue green needles cascade from twisting, weeping branches.  This weeping form may require some training to produce a leader that will affect the ultimate height and spread of the plant.

    Hardiness Zones

    The eastern white pine can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–8. View Map

    Tree Type

    This is an evergreen tree, keeping its foliage year-round.

    Mature Size

    The eastern white pine grows to a height of 50–80′ and a spread of 20–40′ at maturity.

    Growth Speed FastGrowth Rate

    This tree grows at a fast rate, with height increases of more than 24″ per year.

    Sun Preference

    Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day.

    Soil Preference

    The eastern white pine grows in acidic, moist, well-drained and dry soils. While it does best in moist soil, the tree can has been known to tolerate everything from dry, rocky ridges to bogs.


    This tree:

    • Transplants easily.
    • Works well for windbreaks.
    • Is widely used as a Christmas tree.
    • Features long, slender, blue-green needles, sometimes reaching 5″ in length, grown in bundles of 5 that are soft and flexible.
    • Produces elongated brown cones that are 3–8″ in length. Each is curved slightly and has smooth scales.
    • Grows in an oval, pyramidal shape.
    • Is sensitive to air pollution, road salt and soil compaction.

    Wildlife Value

    Eastern white pine seeds are favored by black bears, rabbits, red squirrels and many birds, especially red crossbills. While potentially damaging to the trees, the bark is eaten by mammals such as beavers, snowshoe hares, porcupines, rabbits and mice. White pines provide nesting sites as well for many birds including woodpeckers, common grackles, mourning doves, chickadees and nuthatches.

    Original post located: Arbor Day Foundation

    Morton Arboretum


    Eastern Wide Pine Flooring-WR-Robinson-Lumber
    Nothing Says Lakeside Retreat like Eastern White Pine

    This cozy lakeside cottage was recently renovated using Eastern White Pine lumber from our sawmill. This family fixed up the exterior, adding a sleek new front entry and porch accented by pine siding with a natural stain. The natural wood color pops against the green of the cottage siding.

    The interior of the cottage underwent a complete overhaul starting with a welcoming entrance complete with a laundry closet at the end of the hall. They also added a new bedroom addition, an updated bathroom, and an expanded open kitchen and main living area. Both the new bedroom and the expanded living area feature vaulted ceilings with pine paneling and exposed beams. The natural shade of the wood brightens both rooms and creates a rustic, relaxed atmosphere, perfect for a lakeside retreat.

    We love seeing the finished product for projects like this as it showcases the beauty and flexibility of our Eastern White Pine lumber.

    Happy Holidays: The Quality and Beauty of Eastern White Pine

    Happy Holidays2
    W.R. Robinson Lumber would like to thank you for being a member of our extended community and wish you the best this holiday season. One of our top priorities is our customers—whether you are a builder, contractor, or even a DIYer, we are committed to providing you with high quality Eastern White Pine lumber products at the most competitive prices possible. We appreciate that you recognize the importance of quality and the beauty of Eastern White Pine.

    As you wrap up 2014 and begin to look forward to 2015 please know we are here to help with all your lumber needs. With a variety of sizes and grades of wide plank flooring, pine paneling and barn and shed siding in stock at all times, we look forward to helping you build and improve your homes, barns, stables, equestrian arenas and any other projects you have planned for the new year.

    Thank you for your business and continued support. We wish you and your family health and happiness this holiday season!

    Wide Plank Flooring: How to Choose a Width

    One of the most important elements in any room is the flooring.  Whether you choose wood, carpet, tile or linoleum—the flooring takes up a vast majority of any space and helps set the tone of the entire room.  For our purposes today we will be discussing how to choose pine flooring – much like other types of flooring the details are what will make the difference and one of the most important of these details is the width of the board.

    For those looking to break away from the “typical” look of standard flooring we suggest wide plank flooring. Wide pine flooring is available in a variety of plank widths – each width providing it’s own look and feel that can serve as a unique design feature in your home.

    Choosing what set of widths to use in your home should depend on the size of the room and the over all design aesthetic of the room. This flooring type can come in board widths of 6”-20” and it is important to keep the size of the room in mind when choosing the width.  Remember wide boards take up more space and should be at least 10-12’ long to really showcase the wide plank look.

    To ensure your wide plank flooring fits your design aesthetics, we can put them into 2 groups – Random Widths and standard widths (all one width).

    Random widths are often used for historical restorations and however they also provide a flexibility that can work with any type of design—rustic, modern or even traditional.  Random widths include a variety of 3-5 board widths and can be installed in either a pattern or as the name implies, randomly. This can give any room a customized look that sets your home apart.

    Using one standard width for your flooring is the perfect choice to accent a clean modern or traditional design.  The consistent lines it creates can provide an elegant twist to the traditional wide plank style.

    When choosing your flooring be sure to consider stepping outside the box and look at options like pine wide plank flooring.  It’s amazing what simple pine planks can do to set your home apart.




    Tips for Installing Your Wide Pine Floor

    Wide pine floors are warm, luxurious, and beautiful–IF properly installed. The beautiful part about pine hardwood floor installation is that wood floors can be laid beautifully by an amateur with the proper research and mindfulness.

    Wide plank flooring must be carefully installed to ensure that the floor will not only be beautiful but will have longevity with that beauty.

    When beginning your wide pine floor installation process, we highly recommend that you face your nailing in boards 8” in width, or wider. In addition, we recommend that you nail into every joist (16” O.C.), or at least into every other joist (32” O.C.).

    When using 8” and 10” boards you should be nailing them in with at least two nails, and ¾” to 1” from the edge of the wood. If using 10” or 12” boards consider using 3 nails, for optimal results.

    When cutting planks to fit within a contained space ensure that you have the “butt” of the joint on top of a floor joist –and cut it in a square pattern.

    If you decide to use traditional rough cut nails you might want to pre-drill them at the ends, before nailing them in. This will ensure a professional look. This process is not necessary for the entire plank, just at the ends.

    An easy way to cut corners (a little flooring joke) is to glue your wide pine planks to the floor—but we implore you not to do this. Solid wood floors and planks will expand and contract with heat, cold, and other weather—because while this expansion is only slight, at just 1/32” to 1/16”, it can cause the bond between the floor and sub-floor to break or even the plank itself. Also, even if the plank doesn’t break, your floor may begin to separate and create gaps between planks.

    When installing your hardwood floor do not cut corners, follow the tips above, and ensure that you pay attention to small details.

    If you have any interesting stories, fun anecdotes or helpful tips we encourage you to share them with us and our flooring community.